1990

Even though Nokia reduced the number of their television models, they remained Europe's third largest color television manufacturer during the first half of the 1990's. At that time Nokia introduced new, non-reflective Black Planigon television tubes and the HDTV project continued. In the spring of 1992 Nokia acquired the television manufacturing company, Finlux. The production of televisions came to an end in Salo, when the manufacturing was moved to Nokia's consumer electronics factory in Turku. The European HDTV project ended too, because the digital television broadcast was seen as the solution of the future.

Europe's two largest mobile phone manufacturers combined forces when Nokia bought the English Technophone in 1991. The first 280g-weighing actual pocket-sized phones were marketed in 1992. The digital GSM network (Global System for Mobile Communications) was brought into practice in Finland in 1991 and Nokia's first GSM car phone and hand-held phone were introduced into the market the following year.

The mass market of mobile phones began around 1995 when the prizes of phones and phone calls went down and the digital technology constantly offered new services. At the end of the decade Nokia Mobile Phones became world's largest mobile phone manufacturer. NMP had a selection of mobile phones for every important digital and analogical mobile phone network at that time.

The mobile phone manufacturing Benefon Oy was established in Salo in February of 1988, led by Mobira Oy's former managing director Jorma U. Nieminen. At first the company concentrated on developing and manufacturing NMT car phones and hand-held phones. They made the first GSM phone in 1997. At that time Benefon exported 96% of their production. The most important market areas were e.g. Northern, Middle and Eastern Europe and South-East Asia. From the end of the 1990's on Benefon manufactured positioning devices and programs as well as mobile phones with positioning functionality.


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Nokia HDTV, 1989/1990-92

The developing of analogue HDTV (High Definition Television) began in Japan in the 1970’s. In 1986 European Union’s technological EUREKA95 project started. The aim of the project was to develop the European HDTV standard by the year 1990 between Philips, Thomson and Bosch. Nokia became a member of the group in 1989. Before this the company had participated in some parts of the project. The plan was to start using European D2-MAC and HD-MAC transmission standards for HDTV.

High Definition technology was supposed to become universally used in Europe in the mid-1990s. Already in the beginning of the 1990’s the aim was to develop digital HDTV as well. The purpose of HDTV was to improve the quality of the picture and the accuracy of the screen. Furthermore, the receivers got digital stereo sound and wide screen aspect ratio16:9. The frame rate was 100 Hz.

Test HD transmissions were sent from the Albertville Olympics in the winter of 1992. In Finland there was only one HDTV receiver in use at that time. By the summer Olympics of the same year there were ten televisions ready in Finland.

Nokia / Salora Olympic Receiver – HDTV receivers ( OL92037 type 1R) had a 36-inch picture tube. Nokia’s television laboratories in Finland, France, Germany and Sweden participated in manufacturing the receivers. Salora manufactured most of the receivers’ circuit boards and the first batches were completely assembled in Salo. When manufacturing a new receiver, the company makes the first batches to check and test them, after which they are developed further if needed. The televisions were manufactured in France, at Océanic television factory, bought by Nokia in 1987. All in all Nokia made 100 analogue HDTV receivers. The television came with a so-called black box, HD-MAC receiver.

Finally the HDTV project became out-of-date in the 1990’s.Analogue HDTV transmission standard HD-MAC was discarded. It was only applicable to satellite and cable transmissions and the system was expensive. HDTV receiver needed a large screen. Picture tube screen made the receiver very heavy. Flat screen was on its way to replace the picture tube. The developing of digital transmissions became central also in Europe.


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