1990

Nokia introduced their first pocket-sized mobile phones in 1992. They became a mass-market product and the new GSM network improved reception everywhere. Nokia made Finnish electronics know-how famous all over the world. By the end of the decade the company was the world's largest mobile phone manufacturer.

Read more

Nokia HDTV, 1989/1990-92

The developing of analogue HDTV (High Definition Television) began in Japan in the 1970’s. In 1986 European Union’s technological EUREKA95 project started. The aim of the project was to develop the European HDTV standard by the year 1990 between Philips, Thomson and Bosch. Nokia became a member of the group in 1989. Before this the company had participated in some parts of the project. The plan was to start using European D2-MAC and HD-MAC transmission standards for HDTV.

High Definition technology was supposed to become universally used in Europe in the mid-1990s. Already in the beginning of the 1990’s the aim was to develop digital HDTV as well. The purpose of HDTV was to improve the quality of the picture and the accuracy of the screen. Furthermore, the receivers got digital stereo sound and wide screen aspect ratio16:9. The frame rate was 100 Hz.

Test HD transmissions were sent from the Albertville Olympics in the winter of 1992. In Finland there was only one HDTV receiver in use at that time. By the summer Olympics of the same year there were ten televisions ready in Finland.

Nokia / Salora Olympic Receiver – HDTV receivers ( OL92037 type 1R) had a 36-inch picture tube. Nokia’s television laboratories in Finland, France, Germany and Sweden participated in manufacturing the receivers. Salora manufactured most of the receivers’ circuit boards and the first batches were completely assembled in Salo. When manufacturing a new receiver, the company makes the first batches to check and test them, after which they are developed further if needed. The televisions were manufactured in France, at Océanic television factory, bought by Nokia in 1987. All in all Nokia made 100 analogue HDTV receivers. The television came with a so-called black box, HD-MAC receiver.

Finally the HDTV project became out-of-date in the 1990’s.Analogue HDTV transmission standard HD-MAC was discarded. It was only applicable to satellite and cable transmissions and the system was expensive. HDTV receiver needed a large screen. Picture tube screen made the receiver very heavy. Flat screen was on its way to replace the picture tube. The developing of digital transmissions became central also in Europe.


Iso kuva