The Nordic radiophone network NMT 450 was brought into practice in Finland in 1982. Around 1985 radiophones became notably lighter and easier to carry. They were popular especially with businessmen. The first hand-held phones were manufactured at the end of the decade. The television market saw stereo televisions and energy saving models from Salora.Read more
NMT 900 telephone network was brought into practice in Finland in 1987. Nokia-Mobira’s first hand-held phone that was aimed at the mass market came into production the same year. With the battery it weighed 790g.
What made Mobira Cityman NMT900’s small size possible was advanced microcircuit technology. It was advertised as “the smallest and therefore the biggest thing that has happened in the portable phone industry so far. Mobira Cityman. Time machine. Straight connection. For you, who need independence”.
Mobira-Nokia had manufactured a test series of the phone as NMT450 version for the use of the postal and telegraph office in 1987. Cityman 900 had e.g. 8-number liquid crystal display, 20 keys, memory for 99 + 2 phone numbers and abbreviated dialling. The using time for the phone was 6-7 hours. It could also be installed in a car with a separate car kit. The phone came in three different colours: black, grey and cobalt blue. It cost about 24 000 Fmk. Matti Makkonen designed Cityman’s appearance and Jorma Pitkonen was the project leader.
The phone was nicknamed “Gorba”, after the president of the Soviet Union, Mihail Gorbatsov. He was on a state visit in Finland in October 1987. The Nokia staff asked Gorbatsov to make a call using Cityman in a press conference to the Soviet’s communications minister in Moscow. The phone was also called “a log”, according to its shape.