Nokia introduced their first pocket-sized mobile phones in 1992. They became a mass-market product and the new GSM network improved reception everywhere. Nokia made Finnish electronics know-how famous all over the world. By the end of the decade the company was the world's largest mobile phone manufacturer.Read more
GSM network (Global System for Mobile Communications) was brought into practice in Finland in 1991. The digital GSM network enabled the transmission of short messages, meaning text messages and faxes and data transfer.
Nokia Mobile Phones (NMP) manufactured mobile phones in two different versions: under the brand names Nokia and Mobira, until the mid-1990s. NMP’s first serial produced GSM900 mobile phone that was aimed at the mass market was Nokia 1011 / Mobira Cityman 2000 that was introduced into the market in the autumn of 1992. The phone model was named “Ringa”, after the long jumper Ringa Ropo.
The phone had a service menu, Short Message Service (SMS), memory locations for 98 names and numbers, memory browsing according to the number or name. Talk time was from 1,5 hours to 2,5 hours. A car kit and two different chargers and batteries were available for the phone. With the standard battery it weighed 475g. Nokia advertised the phone in a brochure: “Nokia gives you more. Nokia 1011 – a communication centre that fits in your pocket. Hold Nokia 1011 GSM in your hand and stay in touch. From Europe to all over the world.” The phone cost about 8250 Fmk in 1992.